Рефераты по иностранным языкам

Great Britain

06 Мая 2015, контрольная работа

The official name of the country is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The total area is about 121 600 square miles. The largest islands are Great Britain proper (England, Scotland and Wales) and Ireland (Northern Ireland and the Irish Republic). Britain is separated from the continent by the English Channel which in its narrowest part is only 33 km wide. Britain has a generally mild and temperate climate. All over the world Britain was notorious for its fogs. The smoke-fogs of the big towns usually in winter time, were exceedingly unpleasant, unhealthy and dangerous to movement, but now the situation is much better.

Great Britain geography

15 Мая 2015, доклад

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland or Great Britain is a sovereign state situated to the north-west of Continental Europe. It includes the island of Great Britain, where situated England, Scotland and Wales, some part of Ireland island and over 1,000 smaller islands and islets. Greenwich observatory is a place, where indication of geographical longitudes starts. It’s in the southeast of London, zero meridian goes through it. Great Britain is circumfluos by the Atlantic ocean and the North sea. Minimal distance to Europe is 35 km. It is separated from the continent by the North Sea and by the English Channel. The North Channel, Irish Sea, St George's Channel and Celtic Sea separate the island from the island of Ireland to its west.

Great Britain and its political institutions

10 Февраля 2013, реферат

Great Britain is a constitutional monarchy. The British constitution has evolved over many centuries. Unlike the constitutions of most other countries, it is not set out in any single document. Instead, it is made of statute law, common law and conventions. Conventions are rules and practices which are not legally enforceable but which are regarded as indispensable to the working of government; many are derived from historical events through which the British system of government has evolved. The constitution can be altered by Act of Government, or by general agreement to alter a convention. It is thus adaptable to changing political conditions. The organs of government overlap but can be easily distinguished.

Great britan

30 Октября 2013, доклад

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (commonly known as the United Kingdom, the U.K., or Britain) is a country to the northwest of mainland Europe. It comprises the island of Great Britain, the northeast part of the island of Ireland and many small islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the UK with a land border, sharing it with the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the UK is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the North Sea, the English Channel and the Irish Sea. The largest island, Great Britain, is linked to France by the Channel Tunnel.

Great Silk Road

02 Декабря 2014, реферат

In the history of human civilization , there are many examples of long-term mutually beneficial cultural and economic cooperation between the two countries and peoples with different political, religious and ethnic traditions. For example , there was the legendary route "from the Varangians to the Greeks" for quite a long time in force between Russia and the Scandinavian countries (Sweden, Norway , Denmark). Known in the history of salt and a trade route , which took place on the African continent , runs through mainly through the Sahara desert .

Guns control in US

26 Апреля 2013, доклад

The United States stands out among developed countries for being home to approximately one third of all firearms in the world and weak controls on access to firearms.
Firearms are generally classified into three broad types: (1) handguns, (2) rifles, and (3) shotguns. Rifles and shotguns are both considered "long guns."
Handgun A weapon designed to fire a small projectile from one or more barrels when held in one hand with a short stock designed to be gripped by one hand.

Henry Ford

08 Мая 2015, реферат

Henry Ford (July 30, 1863 – April 7, 1947) was an American industrialist, the founder of the Ford Motor Company, and sponsor of the development of the assembly line technique of mass production. Although Ford did not invent theautomobile or the assembly line, he developed and manufactured the first automobile that many middle class Americans could afford. In doing so, Ford converted the automobile from an expensive curiosity into a practical conveyance that would profoundly impact the landscape of the twentieth century. His introduction of the Model Tautomobile revolutionized transportation and American industry. As owner of the Ford Motor Company, he became one of the richest and best-known people in the world. He is credited with "Fordism": mass production of inexpensive goods coupled with high wages for workers. Ford had a global vision, with consumerism as the key to peace. His intense commitment to systematically lowering costs resulted in many technical and business innovations, including a franchisesystem that put dealerships throughout most of North America and in major cities on six continents. Ford left most of his vast wealth to the Ford Foundation and arranged for his family to control the company permanently.

Hidden value let loose

12 Декабря 2011, реферат

When Motorola Inc. moved to spin off its $5.7 billion semiconductor business the newly launched company, Freescale Semiconductor Inc.,got no respect. Freescale shares made their debut at a limp $13, trading at less than 50% of the valuation accorded larger rival Texas Instruments Inc.

Hieronymus Bosch und seine geheimnisvolle Welt

10 Июля 2013, курсовая работа

Hieronymus Bosch (Iheronimus van Aken) war ein sehr untypischer für seine Epoche
Maler. In der holländischen Malerei sowie in der Europäischen Kulturgeschichte des
XV Jahrhunderts gilt er immer noch als einer der einzigartigen und rätselhaften
Künstler. Um sich in seine Motivwelt hineinversetzen zu können und seine Werke zu
nachvollziehen, muss man sich vor allem mit seinem Leben, wie mit dem Epochengeist
seiner Zeit bekannt machen. Diesem Gedanke zufolge halte ich es außerdem für
interessant und sinnvoll neben den eigenen Schlussfolgerungen hinsichtlich seiner
Kunst die Gedanken und Schlussfolgerungen anderen Autoren zu setzen. Die folgende
Arbeit wird sich damit beschäftigen.

Higher education in England and Wales

01 Апреля 2013, доклад

Higher education in England and Wales is highly selective; i.e. entrance to British universities is via a strict selection process is based on an interview. Applications for first degree courses are usually made through the Universities and Colleges Admission Service (UCAS), in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire. After the interview a potential student is offered a place on the basis of GCE A-level exam results. If the student does not get the grades specified in the offer, a place can not be taken up. Some universities, such as Oxford and Cambridge, have an entrance exam before the interview stage.

Higher Education in Great Britain

12 Июня 2013, реферат

For seven hundred years Oxford and Cambridge universities dominated the British education. Scotland had four universities, all founded before A. D. 1600. Wales only acquired a university in the 20th century; it consisted of four university colleges located in different cities (Cardiff, Swansea, Bangor, and Aberystwyth). The first English university after Oxford and Cambridge (sometimes referred to as Oxbridge) was Durham, in the North of England, founded in 1832. The University of London was founded a few years later in 1836.

Hisory of stylistics

07 Декабря 2014, научная работа

Stylistics can trace its roots to the formalist tradition that developed in
Russian literary criticism at the turn of the twentieth‐century, particularly in
the work of the Moscow Linguistic Circle. Its most famous member and the
most well‐known exponent of Russian Formalism was Roman Jakobson
(1896‐1982) whose work focused on defining the qualities of what he
termed ‘poetic language’. According to Jakobson, the poetic function of
language is realised in those communicative acts where the focus is on the

History and Development of the Nokia

30 Января 2014, реферат

Nokia is the world's largest manufacturer of mobile devices and a leader in mobile networks. Nokia connects people to each other and the information that matters to them with mobile devices and solutions for voice, data, imaging, games, multimedia and business applications. We also provide equipment, solutions and services for our operator and enterprise customers. For 2004, Nokia's net sales totaled EUR 29.3 billion (USD 39.6 billion) and net profit was EUR 3.2 billion (USD 4.3 billion). At the end of 2004, we employed 55,505 people and had production facilities in nine countries, research and development in 12 countries, sales in over 130 countries, and a global network of sales, customer service and other operational units.

History of Australia

09 Января 2013, реферат

I decided to write about this country, because the animal world of Australia is very interesting. Australia has been called "the land of differences and the continent of contrast". Also the history is interesting too. I think, that this country is very beautiful, and you must to know about her all facts. The map help to you to learn this country.

History of development of a cadastre

09 Декабря 2013, реферат

The cadastre which is conducted now worldwide, is continuously connected with concept of the account, an estimation of a condition and use of natural resources, engineering activity, ecology, and assumes allocation of territorial borders homogeneous for the conditions, their mapping and the description with use of quantitative and qualitative characteristics.

The cadastre, in modern understanding, represents result of long historical process. The analysis of cadastral activity in the past allows to organize better it in the present and can serve as the tool allowing with biggest by reliability to judge the future prospects.

History of diplomacy

18 Января 2014, лекция

The ability to practice diplomacy is one of the defining elements of a state, and diplomacy has been practiced since the formation of the first city-states. Originally diplomats were sent only for specific negotiations, and would return immediately after their mission concluded. Diplomats were usually relatives of the ruling family or of very high rank in order to give them legitimacy when they sought to negotiate with the other state.

History of Medicine

04 Декабря 2014, реферат

Rudiments of medicine emerged in the earliest stages of human existence: "Medical activities - the same age as the first man," - wrote Pavlov. The sources of our knowledge of diseases and their treatment in those times are the results of the excavations of settlements and burials of primitive man, the study of individual ethnic groups who, due to special conditions in its history and now are at a primitive stage of development. Primitive man, entirely in the power of the natural environment, is constantly suffering from a cold, damp, hunger, ill and soon died.

History of New Zealand

12 Апреля 2013, реферат

What is the name of the country which has volcanoes and rivers of ice, deer and sea-elephants?
It is New Zealand, called the Land of the Long White Cloud by the Maoris. So, that it the country I am going to tell about in my paper. I have chosen this subject to tell about for some reasons.
It is an island country in the south-western Pacific Ocean comprising two main landmasses (the North Island and the South Island) and numerous smaller islands. The country is situated some 1,500 kilometers (900 mi) east of Australia across the Tasman Sea, and roughly 1,000 kilometers (600 mi) south of the Pacific island nations of New Caledonia, Fiji, and Tonga. Due to its remoteness, it was one of the last lands to be settled by humans. During its long isolation New Zealand developed a distinctive fauna dominated by birds.

History of St. Petersburg

09 Февраля 2014, сочинение

Сочинение про Санкт-Петербург на английском.


27 Июня 2013, реферат

In many countries of the wolrd homeschooling is a legal option for parents who wish to provide their children with a different learning environment than exists in nearby schools.
Homeschooling(also called home education), home learning or homeschool – is the education of children at home, typically by parents or professional tutors, rather than in a public or private school, homeschooling in the modern sense is an alternative in developed countries to formal education.

Homonymy in English

04 Ноября 2013, курсовая работа

English Homonymy is the topic of a great interest. It is fact that Modern English is abundant in homonyms - there are hundreds of pairs of them in the English language and no common points of view on such phenomenon as homonymy exist among the lexicologists. A lot of heated arguments are held for the general description of this phenomenon, various principles of classification are given by different specialists, classificatory schemes are being intensively discussed but the point of contact is not achieved at all. That is why the problem of investigation of homonyms is very important in English Lexicology.

How to become a successful manager

20 Марта 2013, доклад

Motivate people. Why are the employees there? What keeps them with your organization and stops them from going somewhere else? What makes the good days good? What makes them stick with the organization after a bad day or a bad week? Don't assume it's money - most people aren't that one-dimensional (имеющий измерение).
Remember, If you manage by respecting your team's values, they will give you 110 % of their effort.
Offer perks that your employees will value. If health is important to them, give them time to go to the gym and work out. If their family is important, respect the time they may need to send their kids off to school in the morning or pick them up in the afternoon.

How to kill your business

06 Апреля 2013, реферат

1) Low sales. Sales is to a business what blood is to the humans. Without sales, there is no cash flow and there is no business development. So when owner begin to notice a period of low sales and doesn’t make an attempt to improve this situation – it is the right way to murder the business.
2) Being rude to customers. It can leave a lasting negative impression about your company. So we come back to the first poin. No customer – no sales and your business may be dying!

How to Make the Most of a Job Interview

24 Декабря 2014, контрольная работа

I. Прочитайте и устно переведите на русский язык весь текст. Переведите письменно первый абзац.
If you’ve done your paperwork right, managed to arouse an employer’s interest and landed a job interview, your real work is just beginning. It’s one thing to impress somebody on paper or over the telephone, but it’s another thing to impress in the flesh. A job interview is a business appointment in which everything counts in conveying a good impression. Experts will tell you that advance preparation is the key to interview success.

How to present with passion and energy

24 Ноября 2012, курсовая работа

How to present with passion and energy.
A. “Jennifer, I am expecting you to come back with the order. Really, we need this sale to hit our numbers for the quota. Remember everything that we talked about.” Does this sound familiar? We’ve all been there, the requirement to give presentations or present proposals has been an essential part of the selling process for a long time. Many salespeople get anxious and are just happy to get through the presentation without the use of 40 “ums” and sweat dripping off their brow. Is it really that bad? There are some very simple yet effective techniques that can be used to make you feel better prepared thus increasing your presentation’s power. Here are some common guidelines to use prior to giving your presentation. Define your purpose. Typically, for sales staff your purpose is to communicate the value of your product or service to the client, thus wanting them to purchase. Keep in mind that you want to keep your presentation relevant, simple and to the point. It is also essential that you are able to answer the who, what, where and why questions for the audience, if you are able to do this your purpose is defined.

How to Write a Research Paper Proposal

20 Мая 2013, реферат

Write a catchy title. Think of something that will grab the reader's attention and keep them interested. Be as concise as possible.
Write the introduction. State the purpose of the study, demonstrate your knowledge of the topic and its importance, describe any major issues and key research points, pinpoint the variables and explain any boundaries of the study.
Provide a resource review. This section outlines all sources you have used in your research and shows your knowledge on the topic. It also gives credit to those who have done previous research on this subject and developed the framework for your research.

How to write an essay

07 Октября 2013, доклад

The major problems a working mother faces concern her children. She must either find a reliable person who will be loving toward the children or a good day-care center where the children can go. If a child gets sick, the mother must make special arrangements for the child to be cared for at home, or she must stay home from work. While at work the mother may worry about her children. She may wonder if they are safe, if they are learning the values she wants them to have, and if her absence is hurting them emotionally. She may also regret not being able to take them to after-school activities or participate in family activities with them.

Human recources management "Apple"

13 Декабря 2013, реферат

At Apple, there was a cultural expectation that after succeeding one task, you will immediately move on to something completely different. You know that you will have to retool and learn quickly. The expectation of radical change eliminates resistance and sends a message that employees can’t rest on their laurels. That means that they must mentally prepare for the next extraordinary challenge.
The rapidly shifting work load means than an employee bored with their work won’t be for long because the work and the focus will change, a major attraction factor that brings in recruits desiring the challenge of radical change.

Hіstоrіcаl rеvіеw аnd gеоgrаphіcаl еxpаnsіоn оf thе Еnglіsh lаnguаgе

23 Декабря 2013, реферат

Thе thеmе оf thіs cоursе pаpеr іs “Thе hіstоry оf thе Еnglіsh lаnguаgе sprеаd іn thе wоrld” аnd іt mеаns thаt thеrе wе wіll mаkе sоmе еxаmіnаtіоn оf thе hіstоrіcаl pеrіоds аnd thе dеvеlоpmеnt оf thе Еnglіsh lаnguаgе tіll prеsеnt іn оrdеr tо аnswеr thе mаіn quеstіоn: Hоw dіd thе Еnglіsh lаnguаgе sprеаd аll оvеr thе wоrld аnd bеcоmе а glоbаl lаnguаgе?
Thе Еnglіsh lаnguаgе hаs bеcоmе оnе оf thе mоst wіdеsprеаd lаnguаgеs іn thе wоrld. Аpprоxіmаtеly оnе оf еvеry fіvе pеоplе іn thе wоrld cаn spеаk Еnglіsh cоmpеtеntly.

Ich möchte erzählen Sie über Die Lebensmittel helfen, die Erkältung fern zu halten

06 Мая 2012, доклад

Schnupfen, Husten, Heiserkeit: Wenn die Außentemperaturen im Keller sind und der Winter Deutschland im Griff hat, droht Gefahr in Sachen Erkältung. Weil das Immunsystem des Menschen dann besonders geschwächt ist, muss es sich verstärkt gegen die Angriffe von Bakterien oder Viren schützen. Damit das gelingt, ist jedoch eine umfassende und gesunde, eben die richtige Ernährung geboten.