Рефераты по иностранным языкам

Children and Television

17 Декабря 2013, реферат

Television affects children’s lives. There are many facts to support this opinion. In the following paragraphs I will prove that TV affects children and their behavior. Also I will talk about things related to this topic.
What children watch today affects their lives. Television has a powerful impact on everyone. Many people, even super stars like Madonna feel there children should not watch television. Many of today’s youth and family programs include sexually promiscuity, profanity, coarse joking, and anti family plots. Before allowing your children to watch television one must take into consideration what influences TV will have on them and what are the consequences of viewing television.

Chinese economy and agriculture

06 Декабря 2014, реферат

China is also the largest exporter and second largest importer of goods in the world. China is the largest manufacturing economy in the world, outpacing its world rival in this category, the service-driven economy of the United States of America. ASEAN–China Free Trade Area came into effect on 1 January 2010. China-Switzerland FTA is China's first FTA with a major European economy, while China–Pakistan Free Trade Agreement came in effect in 2007 is the first FTA signed with a South Asian state. The economy of China is the fastest growing consumer market in the world.

Christmas in Germany

26 Ноября 2014, творческая работа

Christmas preparations often begin on the eve of December 6th. People often set aside special evenings for baking spiced cakes and cookies, and making gifts and decorations. Little dolls of fruit are traditional Christmas toys.

Children leave letters on their windowsills for Christkind, a winged figure dressed in white robes and a golden crown who distributes gifts. Sometimes the letters are decorated with glue and sprinkled with sugar to make them sparkle.

Civil law (family, contract, intellectual property)

12 Марта 2014, реферат

The civil law covers cases related to. family, property, contracts and non contractual wrongful acts suffered by one person at the hands of another (torts). Family law includes the laws governing marriage, divorce and the welfare of children; the law of property governs ownership, disposal of property on death, etc.; the law of contract regulates, for instance, the sale of goods, loans, partnerships, insurance and guarantees. Civil proceedings are started by the aggrieved person. As a private matter, they can usually be abandoned or ended by settlement between the parties at any time. In many cases, parties to a dispute settle their differences through their lawyers before the trial stage is reached.

Classification of hotels according to the target market (guest)

06 Декабря 2014, реферат

Hotels are classified according to the hotel size, location, target markets, levels of service , facilities , number of rooms , ownership and affiliation etc. And now I will tell you about Classification of hotels according to the target market.
Hotel target many markets and can be classified according to the markets they attempt to attract their guests. Common type of markets include business, airport, suites, residential, resort , timeshare , casino , convention and conference hotels . Let’s consider some of them.

Classification part of speech

03 Мая 2012, лекция

Различные классификации частей речи английского языка

CLIL in FL communication

12 Октября 2014, реферат

Actuality of work. Recently, the market of educational technologies abounds with various methods of FLT, and a question of a technique used in training becomes more and more actual. Obviously, there were big changes in methods of teaching English at the end of the XX century. Earlier all priorities were given to grammar, mechanical mastering a lexical material, reading and translation, and tasks were monotonous (reading and translation of the text, storing of new words, retelling, exercises in the text), recently, studying of language had become more functional.

Climate Will Change What Reefs Look Like in the Future

27 Ноября 2012, статья

Climate Will Change What Reefs Look Like in the Future
The impact of a warming climate on reefs is not a future event — complex changes have already begun that could fundamentally change what reefs look like in the future.
That was the overarching message today from a panel of coral reef experts, at the International Coral Reef Symposium (ICRS), the premier coral reef conference held every four years and a hotbed of the latest advances in coral reef science. These experts are on the forefront of understanding the v


29 Сентября 2013, доклад

Deutschland ist für die The Coca-Cola Company einer der wichtigsten Märkte in Europa. Zum Start im Jahr 1929 gab es zunächst nur unseren Klassiker Coca-Cola auf dem deutschen Markt. Das sollte sich bald ändern. Bereits 1940 erfanden unsere Mitarbeiter in Essen ein weiteres Produkt, das weltweit bekannt wurde: Fanta.

Das Sortiment von Coca-Cola hierzulande umfasst über 70 Produkte aus allen Segmenten alkoholfreier Erfrischungsgetränke, sei es mit oder ohne Kohlensäure, kalorienreduziert oder zuckerfrei. Dazu gehören außerdem Schorlen, Säfte, Wässer, Sportgetränke, Energy Drinks und Eistees sowie trinkfertige Tees und Kaffees. Ihre Produkte gibt es in verschiedenen Packungen und Größen, denn sie wollen ihren Verbrauchern für jede Gelegenheit das passende alkoholfreie Getränk in der passenden Verpackung anbieten. Im Jahr 2011 konnte Coca-Cola Deutschland rund 3,7 Milliarden Liter seiner Getränke absetzen.

Cockney rhyming slang

14 Июня 2013, доклад

he origins of Cockney Rhyming Slang are uncertain. It's not really a language since the words spoken are clearly English; on the other hand, it's not a dialect either, since the speakers of this slang are also perfectly capable of not using it. The cockney language can be traced back to the early part of the 19th Century, when Sir Robert Peel formed the first Police force stationed at Bow Street, London. They were known as the Bow Street Runners, Peelers and even Bobbies (Robert - Bob). This was in 1824, and the slang, as mentioned above, was to hide the true meaning of discussions from both the Police and the nonces (informers for the Police). Geographically and culturally, it is used to refer to working-class Londoners, particularly those in the area of London that is covered by "the sound of Bow bells". Linguistically, it refers to the accent and form of English spoken by this group.

Coco Chanel-a wonan who candged the world

11 Ноября 2012, реферат

There was no future, at that time, for a poor girl brought up by the charity. But the dream for escape was made in her mind at this early age. Never in her life would Coco Chanel mention her younger years spent in orphanage. She would work relentlessly to erase all the traces of the unhappy fate that had been meant for her.

Cognitive stylistics

21 Октября 2012, доклад

Cognitive linguistics is still a very young discipline which had its beginnings in the 1970s, and whose quick development and extension of investigated issues dates to the mid-1980s. Since then the scope of interest of this branch of science started to include various areas such as syntax, discourse, phonology and semantics, all of which are looked upon as the representation of conceptual organization in language.

Commenting on a short story. Plan

14 Марта 2013, доклад

t Theme: in essence answers the question what the story is about. There are stories about family relations, love, friendship, or on the anti-war theme.
It shouid not be confused with the message or the main idea: a broad topic like life and death or some aspect of the writer's philosophy.
Short Summary: A brief and comprehensive presentation of facts, essential points, a concise commenting on events described in the story,
Plot: is what happening in a story. It is the relationship of the incidents to one

Communication ethics

24 Мая 2015, реферат

This task explores importance of ethical communication in an organization. First of all it is emphasized that communication is one the basic necessities of life as well as ethics are also demand of happy life.
Communication is the process by which individuals exchange information between other individuals or groups of people. Throughout the process, effective communicators try as clearly and accurately to convey their thoughts, intentions and objectives to their receiver.Communication is successful only when both the sender and the receiver understand the same information.In today's business environments, effective communication skills are necessary due to the highly informational and technological era.

Communicative behavior of the British

18 Декабря 2013, доклад

Since World War II, Britain has become increasingly diverse as it has accommodated large immigrant populations, particularly from its former colonies such as India, Pakistan and the West Indies. The mixture of ethnic groups and cultures make it difficult to define “Britishness” nowadays.
The terms 'English' and 'British' do not mean the same thing. 'British' denotes someone who is from England, Scotland, Wales or Northern Ireland. 'English' refers to people from England. People from Scotland are 'Scots', from Wales ‘Welsh’ and from Northern Ireland ‘Irish’. Be sure not to call someone Welsh, Scots, or Northern Irish ‘English’.

Communicative competence

07 Июня 2015, реферат

Dell Hymes, in the year 1966, introduced the concept of Communicative competence, which in simple terms, is nothing but the potential of a language user/learner to communicate effectively or in the right way with the other language users/learners. Communicative competence is the foremost goal of contemporary language acquisition and education.

Complex Object

07 Апреля 2012, контрольная работа

Что представляет собой Complex Object в английском языке?

Computer crime

16 Декабря 2013, доклад

Computer crimes are on the rise with more and more companies reporting these crimes. According to McCollum, (2002) a survey was conducted and ninety three percent of those surveyed reported that there was some sort of security breach in their computers. The percentage of crime and the financial cost of the crime are both increasing. Most of the security breaches are external through the internet, while a small percentage of the crimes are carried out on the internal systems, but it is very difficult to identify whether the breach is external or internal.

Computer memory

09 Октября 2013, реферат

Random access memory (RAM) is the best known form of computer memory. RAM is considered "random access" because you can access any memory cell directly if you know the row and column that intersect at that cell.
The opposite of RAM is serial access memory (SAM). SAM stores data as a series of memory cells that can only be accessed sequentially (like a cassette tape). If the data is not in the current location, each memory cell is checked until the needed data is found. SAM works very well for memory buffers, where the data is normally stored in the order in which it will be used (a good example is the texture buffer memory on a video card). RAM data, on the other hand, can be accessed in any order.

Computers in Our Life

17 Февраля 2014, статья

Computer addicts are the minority of computer users but there is no doubt that more and more young people are computer literate. Computer studies is a subject in many schools and many young people have personal computers. About one in three hundred computer owners spend almost all their time using computers

Computers: a blessing or a curse

12 Февраля 2013, реферат

1. Now we are living in the technical world. We are surrounded by different technical inventions. One of these inventions is the computer. Many people can’t imagine their life without the computer. With the help of computers the Internet has entered into our life. Other people don’t use computers and Internet because they are dangerous for our health. Computers: a blessing or a curse? As for me, I think that the computer and Internet is useful for people.

Conan Doyle à Paris

20 Июня 2013, творческая работа

Paris...La ville qui fait rêver, qui a mérité la réputation de ville-lumière, la ville qu’on veut voir et puis mourir. Tout le monde s’extasie devant sa Seine tranquille, les colliers de ses ponts et ses rues, et son ambiance pleine de promesses de bonheur et d’amour.
Mais pour Mathieu Breton il n’y avait rien de romantique à Paris. Il y a toujours vécu, dans le quartier de Belleville. Mathieu est né dans une famille des ouvriers, ses parents travaillaient dur, il les voyait peu, et son enfance est passée dans la rue, avec les copains. Leur bande joyeuse se réunissait tous les après-midi et le temps de joie commençait. Ils grimpaient aux arbres, sautaient sur les toits, fumaient en cachette, faisaient des concours de forces et sifflaient aux jolies filles.

Conceptul de produs turistic

26 Мая 2013, курсовая работа

Literatura de specialitate, pe de o parte, şi realităţile practice, pe de altă parte, probează – fără echivoc – apariţia şi dezvoltarea – în cadrul procesului de specializare – a unui marketing turistic.
Lucrarea de faţă îşi propune, şi în opinia noastră reuşeşte, să abordeze ampla problematică a acestuia oferind un tablou cuprinzător, coerent, structurat logic asupra elementelor ce dau specificitate marketingului turistic.
Lucrarea îşi fixează drept obiective:
pe plan conceptual: o cuprinzătoare incursiune bibliografică, sprijinită pe lucrări de referinţă şi actualitate din literatura internaţională şi românească de specialitate, privitoare la categoriile economice specifice din domeniu;

Conditionals. Destinations. Gender Question in Management

21 Мая 2013, контрольная работа

Task 1. Составьте условные предложения и. переведите их на русский язык. Например:
14 Н - But for the traffic jam we would have been here earlier – Eсли бы не пробки на дороге, мы приехали бы раньше/
If you eat more than you need, A) she wouldn't sing in the bath
If the dog keeps barking, B) what would you do?
If I were you, C) he would never get this job.

Congratulations Letters

03 Июня 2015, сочинение

Congratulations letter as the name suggests, is written to congratulate a person and thus the tone of the letter is positive and enthusiastic. The reader must feel that you are actually happy with his/her success or happiness. Not only achievements like promotion or winning a competition, but occasions like anniversary, marriage, etc., also are situations wherein you should congratulate your near and dear ones. When in such situations you wish the person, it adds to his/her happiness.
This letter is used in both, formal and informal situations. The format of the letter thus changes as per the situations.

Connectivity as the way to effective communication among global customs community

16 Июня 2013, творческая работа

Cooperation, communication, coordination and collaboration are indispensable to Customs operations, ensuring continuous connectivity between Customs and its international, regional and national partners.
The importance of cooperation, particularly the value of inter-connectedness among Customs and its partners cannot be overrated.
For the international Customs community, connectivity connotes a vision of arrangements worldwide that support the smooth and lawful flow of goods, services, people, technologies, capital, culture, and ideas. It galvanizes the establishment of partnerships, the preparation of research, the sharing of knowledge, and the delivery of capacity building.

Constitution of the United States

23 Февраля 2012, творческая работа

The Bill of Rights is the collective name for the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution. These limitations serve to protect the natural rights of liberty and property. They guarantee a number of personal freedoms, limit the government's power in judicial and other proceedings, and reserve some powers to the states and the public. While originally the amendments applied only to the federal government, most of their provisions have since been held to apply to the states by way of the Fourteenth Amendment.

Constitutional Law

09 Декабря 2012, реферат

Constitutional law is the body of law which defines the relationship of different entities within a state, namely, the executive, the legislature, and the judiciary.
Not all nation states have codified constitutions, though all such states have a jus commune, or law of the land, that may consist of a variety of imperative and consensual rules. These may include customary law, conventions, statutory law, judge-made law or international rules and norms.

Construction and manufacture of nuclear stations should be allowed

25 Августа 2013, сочинение

In today’s world, the more the rate of technological progress advances, the greater the need for renewable, efficient and reliable energy resource becomes. Unfortunately, most of the common resources we use nowadays such as oil and coal are no longer dependable. Oil, for example, is an extremely limited supply of non-renewable energy resource, which takes millions of years to form and once depleted can no longer be used again. Coal which is another type of renewable energy emits a great amount of harmful waste such as carbon dioxide and acids that in turn lead to global warming.

Corporate banking

18 Сентября 2013, реферат

First Imaginary will provide loans, either from its own reserves or – more likely – by borrowing at a lower rate from another bank. CORPORATE BANKNG provides the loans but also acts as the long-term relationship manager and conduit to other services.

Transactional Services
A bank knows all about handling large flows of money, so First Imaginary could well offer TRANSACTION SERVICES to its clients, helping them manage their cashflow, trade finance and a range of securities services from custody to clearing. You could think of it as current account banking for corporations, except that in this case the balance could be measured in billions of dollars.