Рефераты по иностранным языкам

A Brief History of the English Language

24 Мая 2014, контрольная работа

English is a member of the Indo-European family of languages. This broad family includes most of the European languages spoken today. The Indo-European family includes several major branches: Latin and the modern Romance languages (French etc.); the Germanic languages (English, German, Swedish etc.); the Indo-Iranian languages (Hindi, Urdu, Sanskrit etc.); the Slavic languages (Russian, Polish, Czech etc.); the Baltic languages of Latvian and Lithuanian; the Celtic languages (Welsh, Irish Gaelic etc.); Greek.

A history of cybernetic movement in the USA

09 Июня 2013, реферат

Key events in the history of cybernetics and the American Society for Cybernetics are discussed, among them the origin of cybernetics in the Macy Foundation conferences in the late 1940s and early 1950s; different interpretations of cybernetics by several professional societies; reasons why the U.S. government did or did not support cybernetics in the 1950s, 60s, and 70s; early experiments in cyberspace in the 1970s; conversations with Soviet scientists in the 1980s; the development of "second order" cybernetics in the 1990s; and increased interest in cybernetics in Europe and the United States in the 2000s, due at least in part to improved understanding of the assumptions underlying the cybernetics movement.

A talent management system

16 Июня 2013, реферат

A talent management system (TMS) is an integrated software suite that addresses the “four pillars” of talent management: recruitment; performance management; learning and development; and compensation management.[1]

This is more than an employee tracking or HRMS system, yet it integrates well with your existing HRMS system. Some features of the system include:

Recruit and Hire the Best Talent for Your Job
Dramatically Improve Performance of Your Team and Organization
Inspire Employees and Teams to Higher Performance

A Visit to the Theatre

22 Ноября 2013, контрольная работа

We have a very beatiful theatre in our town. It is a modern building situated not far from the center of Burshtyn. The visitors can enjoy watching dramas, tragedies, comedies and sometimes an opera or a ballet. The visitors usually buy tickets beforehand in the ticket booths or in the ticket box offices. Theatrical shows usually start at 7:00 p.m. When you go in, you enter the foyer, then you come to the cloak-room, where we leave our coats and hats. You can also take opera glasses there.

Abai Kunanbaev

09 Марта 2014, доклад

Abai Kunanbaev - great poet, writer, public figure, founder of the modern Kazakh written literature, culture reformer in spirit of rapprochement with Russian and European culture on the basis of the educated liberal Islam.
Abai was born on August 10, 1845 in Chingiz Mountains, Semipalatinsk region (nowadays administrative division) He was the son of one of four Kunanbai’s wives. Abai’s family was aristocratic, both grandfather (Oskenbai) and great-grandfather (Irgizbai) predominated over the sort as governors. He was lucky relatively to family cosiness and house upbringing as both mother Ulzhan and grandmother Zere were extremely charming and gifted natures.

About Australia

25 Сентября 2012, доклад

Краткий доклад об Австралии на английском языке.

About This Book

16 Августа 2013, реферат

The stories in this book were selected especially for five-year-olds. But older children may
enjoy hearing them too. And beginning readers may delight in reading these tales for
The stories were selected from a wide range of sources, all of which are now in the public
domain since they were published in the United States prior to 1923.

Abstract on a theme: Arthur Conan Doyle

22 Апреля 2013, реферат

Undershaw, the home near Hindhead, south of London that Arthur Conan Doyle had built and lived in for at least a decade, was a hotel and restaurant from 1924 until 2004. It was then bought by a developer, and has since been empty while conservationists and Conan Doyle fans fight to preserve it.
A statue honours Conan Doyle at Crowborough Cross in Crowborough, where Conan Doyle lived for 23 years. There is also a statue of Sherlock Holmes in Picardy Place, Edinburgh, close to the house where Conan Doyle was born.

Accidental Rise

16 Июня 2013, реферат

I used an Accidental Rise, because I wanted to make one word of the sentence more prominent than the others.
Alternative Questions.
Alternative questions have the low-rising nuclear tone in the first intonation-group and the low-falling nuclear tone in the final intonation-group.
Disjunctive Question.
Disjunctive question consists of two intonation-groups.
The first intonation-group has generally the low-falling nuclear tone. I used the low-rising nuclear tone in the final intonation-group to show that I am not certain of the facts expressed in the first part of the question. But I could also use the low-falling nuclear tone in the tag to show that I am certain of the facts expressed in the first part of the question.

Accounting for vacation pay in USA

12 Мая 2013, реферат

acation - a temporary leave from work during the week for a certain period of time for recreation and other social purposes while maintaining the same work. It may come as a surprise that there are no U.S. laws requiring employers to offer vacation time whether paid or unpaid to its workers. The U.S. is one of the few industrialized nations where the government does not regulate benefits in the private work sector. 1) Enjoying some paid time off from work this summer? Please do, but don’t take that time for granted. That's the main idea of the article “Why is America the 'no-vacation nation'?” written by A. Pawlowski. If you like to take lots of vacation, the United States is not the place to work.

Adam Smith

04 Мая 2015, реферат

After two centuries, Adam Smith remains a towering figure in the history of economic thought. Known primarily for a single work, An Inquiry into the nature an causes of the Wealth of Nations (1776), the first comprehensive system of political economy, Smith is more properly regarded as a social philosopher whose economic writings constitute only the capstone to an overarching view of political and social evolution

Advertising Impact on children and their parents buying behavior

09 Января 2013, доклад

Today parents, someone from his youth, and someone from childhood, have to look advertisements on television, read in magazines and newspapers, hear on the radio and see on billboards and in the internet daily. To the question “What is advertising?” Every adult people will be able to reply that it is commercial message, convincing to buy product or use a certain service. Yes, it is true, but observations reveal that this is something more. In fact, advertising – “a complex type communication, conducted with the goals and strategies, aimed at providing different types of impacts on the thoughts, felling and actions of consumers”(Wells.U.2008)

Advertising in the USA

16 Декабря 2014, реферат

The influence of advertising in the mass media market has both advantages and disadvantages. On the plus side is(1) the fact that people get an incredible variety of information, entertainment and culture at minimal cost(2). The disadvantage is that nearly all of America’s mass communications are heavily overloaded with commercial or persuasive messages(3).

Advertising: curse or blessing?

08 Декабря 2013, реферат

Once as usual I was sitting in front of the TV, watching a film when unexpectedly it was interrupted by ads. I saw a car which was carrying … a whole plane!!! I was furious because as we know and under all laws of physics a car could not get under way from a place with the cargo exceeding its weight tens, and even hundreds times!!!
I was very much interested by this advertising from the point of view of promotion of this car. How the founders of advertising manage with the help of a roller lasting usually for some seconds to convince the person that exactly THIS car is necessary to him.

Agriculture in russia

27 Октября 2013, контрольная работа

Russia comprises roughly three-quarters of the territory of the former Soviet
Union but has relatively little area suited for agriculture because of its arid climate
and inconsistent rainfall. Northern areas concentrate mainly on livestock, and the
southern parts and western Siberia produce grain. Restructuring of former state farms
has been an extremely slow process. The new land code passed by the Duma in 2002
should speed restructuring and attract new domestic investment to Russian

Aktsiz solig'ining iqtisodiy mohiyati va vujudga kelish hamda rivojlanish tarixi

15 Апреля 2013, реферат

Soliq tizimida eng ichki o'zgaruvchan, ijtimoiy-iqtisodiy taraqqiyotning ko'plab omilllari bilan to'qnashuvchi soliq bu - aktsiz solig'idir. Shu bois, aktsiz solig'ining mohiyatini ijtimoiy-iqtisodiy taraqqiyotga bog'liq holda o'rganish eng dolzarb muammolardan bo'lib kelmoqda. Shuni alohida ta'kidlab o'tish kerakki, aktsiz solig'ining mohiyati doimo egri soliqlar doirasida o'rganib chiqilgan. Aktsiz solig'i egri soliq bo'lganligi sababli uning iqtisodiy mohiyati davlat bilan yuridik shaxslar o'rtasida vujudga keluvchi ob'ektiv majburiy to'lovlarga asoslangan moliyaviy munosabatlar orqali xarakterlanadi. Shu bois, aktsiz solig'i o'ziga xos fiskal iqtisodiy kategoriya sifatida qaralishi lozimdir.

American customs amd traditions

10 Декабря 2013, доклад

How often has each of us seen something happen while with another person and much to our disappointment we each come away from the event with a different recollection? The cumulative effect of our life experiences creates in each of us a lens through which we observe what goes on around us. This lens focuses our attention on particular aspects of what we see. Society passes principles and values to future generations through Customs, Traditions and Rituals that mold this lens through which we view our lives and shape our opinions. Throughout history, cultures have passed their Family Values to future generations by these means.

American English Accent

01 Декабря 2013, творческая работа

1.American english accent is important for foreigners who lived in the US. Since English is considered as the universal language, it is quite natural that many people want to learn how to write, read and speak in English apart from their native language, specially American english accent. Now reading, writing, and speaking in English are easy to develop when a person begins at an early age. This is not a problem for most people.

American Schools

27 Октября 2013, аттестационная работа

Американская система школьного образования отличается от системы в некоторых странах. Есть финансируемые государством общественные школы, частные начальные школы, и частные средние школы. Общественные школы свободны, и частные школы - пожертвования. Каждое индивидуальное государство имеет его собственную систему общественных школ.

An essay on Lispeth

26 Ноября 2012, статья

The story begins with a description of the environment. On just a few lines the narrator makes us aware of the both the surroundings and the social environment. The story is set in the Kotgarh Valley, and we are let into a community of farmers. The fields are put under with maize and opium poppies. We are introduced to an area far away from everything and an area where agriculture provides the basis of all life

Analiza activităţii econimico-gospodăreşti a întreprinderii

12 Мая 2015, реферат

Făcînd parte din sectorul contrucţiilor, sferasistemelor de încălzire, apeduct, cnalizareeste de o importanţă majoră în cadrul economiei oricărui stat, avînd un rol deosebit în formarea, renovarea şi modernizarea continuă a societăţii, deoarece participă intensiv la promovarea progresului tehnic şi a dezvoltării ştiinţifice, care le rîndul lor oferă dinamică dezvoltării şi modernizării economico-socială a ţării.

Analysis is “Mr. Know-All”

06 Мая 2013, сочинение

The story under analysis is “Mr. Know-All” which belongs to the pen of the prominent English writer S. Maugham. William Somerset Maugham is one of the most successful dramatists and short-story writers as well as a novelist of considerable rank. He is known for his cynical attitude to mankind. He ridicules many social vices, such as snobbishness, money-worship, pretence, self-interest, etc.
The action takes place on board the ship. The plot is centered upon Max Kelada – the main character of the story. The story is written in a form of the author’s recollections. It is the first person narration. We can divide it into 3 complete parts under the headlines: the introduction of Mr Kelada, Mr Kelada is a good mixer and an argument with Mr Ramsay.

Analysis of syntactical stylistic devices based on the arrangement of sentence members

19 Мая 2013, дипломная работа

The theme of our Diploma Thesis is “Analysis of Syntactical Stylistic Devices Based on the Arrangement of Sentence Members” (based on Daphne du Maurier’s novel “Rebecca”). The cause of this selecting is the linguistic importance of this subject because Syntactical Stylistic Devices and Arrangement of Sentence Members are major part of lexicology which helps to understand richness of language and its beauty. Our investigation is connected with the novel of Daphne du Maurier “Rebecca” because prose helps us to discover and analyze all stylistic devices and to show all sense of this novel.

Analysis of the text “Anne Meets Her Class” by Miss Reed

17 Июня 2014, сочинение

The text under review is entitled “Anne Meets Her Class” by Miss Reed. This abstract can obviously be referred to belle-lettres (fiction) style. Its genre may be defined as a school story (a fiction genre centering on school life). Thus, the story raises eternal issues of upbringing and deals with up-to-date problems of human relationships, namely, relations of pupils and teachers and teachers’ interactions, which are the theme of the story. The main idea can be expressed in the following way: “Teachers (adults) impose their system of relationships on pupils (children), trying to make them ‘convenient’ and sometimes intentionally suppressing their natural freedom”.

Analysis of “Antony in Blue Alsatia” by Eleanor Farjeon

05 Мая 2015, реферат

The text under analysis is a short story “Antony in Blue Alsatia” by Eleanor Farjeon. Eleanor was an English author of children's stories and plays, poetry, biography, history and satire ['sxtaIq]. She wrote delightful and distinctive poems for children. Her first novel was “Ladybrook”, a tale of Sussex country life which retained that delicate humorous touch which characterized the work she did for children. Her sensitiveness to beauty and true understanding of the essential qualities of romance find expression in this charming rhapsody ['rxpsqdI]. She won many literary awards and the Eleanor Farjeon Award for children's literature is presented annually in her memory by the Children's Book Circle, a society of publishers.

Analysis of “To kill a mockingbird”

04 Января 2015, сочинение

The story under analysis is an extract from a novel “To kill a mockingbird”. The book was written by Harper Lee in 1960. Harper Lee was born in 1926 in the state of Alabama. In 1945-1949 she studied law at the University of Alabama. “To kill a mockingbird” is her first novel and after being published it was highly acclaimed and even was awarded the Pulitzer Prize in 1961, one of the most important awards in literature. The book became an international bestseller and was adapted into screen in 1962.

Analyze Escape

21 Октября 2014, творческая работа

William Somerset Maugham is one of the best known English writers of the 20th century. He was not only a novelist, but also a one of the most successful dramatist and short-story writers. Maugham wants the readers to draw their own conclusion about the characters and events described in his novels. His reputation as a novelist is based on the following prominent books: “Of Human Bondage”; “The Moon and Sixpence”; and “The Razor's Edge”.

Angebot - оферта

22 Октября 2013, контрольная работа

Das Angebot oder die Offerte ist eine Erklärung des Anbietenden, dass er bereit ist, eine bestimmte Ware zu bestimmten Bedingungen zu liefern. Предложение или оферта - это высказывание лица, выносящего предложение, что он готов поставить определенный товар при определенных условиях.
Man unterscheidet freibleibende (unverbindliche) Angebote und feste (verbindliche) Angebote. Различают свободные от обязательств оферты и фиксированные (твердые) оферты.

Appraising the European Central Bank

03 Июня 2013, доклад

The ECB has run as loose a monetary policy as other central banks have. It is just rather more coy about it.
The global economy has stopped sinking and central bankers are pausing for breath. As The Economist went to press on July 2nd, the European Central Bank (ECB) was expected to keep its main “refi” interest rate unchanged, at 1%. The ECB’s rate-setting council has been chary of cutting rates closer to zero as policymakers elsewhere have done. Its reluctance to do more has attracted criticism, only some of it fair.

Aral Sea—What Was and What Is

02 Декабря 2013, реферат

Since the very beginning of its existence, the human being has been developing. It has never stopped, and it never will. During the last couple of centuries it has been developing very aggressively, and it has reached tremendous achievements in all fields. Unfortunately mankind has achieved tremendous success in polluting its environment also. Nowadays, nature is missing many of its inhabitants: – those who are supposed to be under the protection of humans as young brothers and sisters. Pollution was the reason for their extinction. Finally, the humanity started paying more attention to what surrounds it. It started thinking about the future, its future generations, and the inheritance to these generations.