Рефераты по иностранным языкам

Are thoughts useful or harmful?

12 Декабря 2014, статья

Hundreds of thoughts visit us during the day. And we never muse where they are from. So let’s catch one more thought and talk about its nature. What are thoughts? It is an action of mind. Thought is a thing that makes us human and defines from the animals. René Descartes considered thinking as a determination of existence. The process of thinking itself is neutral. It is like a knife – cannot be good or bad, it depends on the use. (For it can be used at home, and at the same time it can be used for damage.)

Are thoughts useful or harmful? Ann Abayeva

29 Марта 2015, реферат

Hundreds of thoughts visit us during the day. And we never muse where they are from. So let’s catch one more thought and talk about its nature. What are thoughts? It is an action of mind. Thought is a thing that makes us human and defines from the animals. René Descartes considered thinking as a determination of existence

Argentine Republic. Politics of Argentina

09 Октября 2013, курсовая работа

Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic, is located in South America, bordered by Chile to the west and south, Bolivia and Paraguay to the north and Brazil and Uruguay to the northeast. Argentina claims sovereignty over part of Antarctica, the Falkland Islands and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.
The country is a federation of 23 provinces and the autonomous city of Buenos Aires, its capital and largest city. It is the eighth-largest country in the world by land area and the largest among Spanish-speaking nations. Argentina is a founding member of the United Nations, Mercosur, the Union of South American Nations, the Organization of Ibero-American States, the World Bank Group and the World Trade Organization, and is one of the G-15 and G-20 major economies.

Art and Science

06 Июня 2013, реферат

Management is both art and science. It is the art of making people more effective than they would have been without you. The science is in how you do that. There are four basic pillars: plan, organize, direct, and monitor.
Make Them More Effective
Four workers can make 6 units in an eight-hour shift without a manager. If I hire you to manage them and they still make 6 units a day, what is the benefit to my business of having hired you? On the other hand, if they now make 8 units per day, you, the manager, have value.

Assimilation of borrowings

17 Мая 2013, курсовая работа

The English vocabulary contains an immense number of words of foreign origin. Words that came to English from other languages and constantly used in it as the original are called borrowings. One of the main way of enlarging the lexical system of the language is represented by borrowings.
The role of borrowings is different in various languages and it depends on certain development conditions.
The quantity of borrowed words in English is much higher than in other languages.

Ausdrucksmittel der Bedingung in der deutschen Gegenwartssprache (am Beispiel der schönen Literatur)

15 Ноября 2013, курсовая работа

Bedingung spielt eine wichtige Rolle im menschlichen leben. Unter bestimmten Bedingungen werden politische und wirtschaftliche Abkommen geschlossen.
Und für jede Sprachsituation ist es wichtig, welche Bedingung ausgedrückt wird. Man muss wissen, welche Art der Bedingung besser zur Situation passt und welche grammatische oder lexikalische Mittel gebraucht werden müssen. Dies bestimmt die Aktualität dieser Belegarbeit in der Sprachwissenschaft.


28 Октября 2013, доклад

Australia is a continent and it is also a country of its own. Australia is located between the South Pacific and Indian Oceans. Australia is often called, “the land down under,” because it lies entirely within the southern hemisphere. In Latin, Australia means “southern.” The official name of the country is “the Commonwealth of Australia.” Australia is surrounded by water like an island, but geographers classify it as a continent rather than an island because of its great size. Australia covers about 5% of earth’s land area. Most of Australia is low and flat, the highest and most mountainous land lies along the east coast.

Australian English

26 Февраля 2013, доклад

To start with, the anglophone Australia and New Zealand are two of the youngest nations in the world. The first Europeans who took their residence in Australia came more than 200 years ago. They did not come because they wanted to. Australia was founded as a penal colony. Convicts from Britain, mostly from large English cities, were sent there. They were joined by free settlers, military personnel and administrators, often with their families. However, a large part of the convict body was Irish, with at least 25% directly from Ireland, and others indirectly via Britain.

Australian English Development and Peculiarities

28 Февраля 2013, реферат

AUSTRALIAN ENGLISH Short form AusE. The English language as used in Australia. It has a short history, reflecting some 200 years of European settlement, and an even shorter period of recognition as a national variety, the term being first recorded in 1940. It is only since then that features of AusE have been regarded as distinctively and respectably Australian, instead of as evidence of colonial decline from the norms of the STANDARD ENGLISH of England.

Background and International Coffee Organization

16 Ноября 2013, реферат

The purpose of this report is to describe the current situation in the global coffee market, role of demand and supply in coffee market, as well as how demand and supply affect the price of coffee and to determine price volatility of coffee. This report illustrates two significant situations for coffee the last 13 years.
Coffee is one of the most popular drinks in the world, it has wonderful aroma, refined taste and strong tonic effect, and also it is considered as one of the most strategically important raw materials in the world trade (Nestle Coffee Report 2004). Today it is wonderful drinks accompanies business meetings, parties, restaurants and bars (Kjeldgaard Et al. 2011).


08 Октября 2013, реферат

Bacteria, despite their apparent simplicity, contain a well developed cell structure which is responsible for many of their unique biological properties. Many structural features are unique to bacteria and are not found among archaea or eukaryotes. Because of the simplicity of bacteria relative to larger organisms and the ease with which they can be manipulated experimentally, the cell structure of bacteria has been well studied, revealing many biochemical principles that have been subsequently applied to other organisms.

Ballet du Théâtre Bolchoï

04 Марта 2015, реферат

Le Ballet du Théâtre Bolchoï présente Illusions perdues, une création d’Alexei Ratmansky d’après le roman de Balzac. Le langage néoclassique du chorégraphe s’illustre dans un ballet narratif au parfum français. Une grande histoire d’amours contrariées, d’ambitions et de désenchantements où les danseurs dévoilent leurs talents et le chorégraphe une autre facette de son travail.

Bank Deposits

04 Апреля 2015, доклад

Banks carrying lending and investment operations have the use of the money of their clients from the moment they pay their money into the bank till the moment they draw it out. The accounts they hold with the bank have credit balances and are called deposits.

Bank of England

19 Июня 2014, доклад

Bank of England, central bank and note-issuing institution of Great Britain. Popularly known as the Old Lady of Threadneedle Street, its main office stands on the street of that name in London. The bank has eight branches, all of which are located in the British Isles. Although Bank of England notes are legal tender throughout Great Britain and Northern Ireland, banks in Scotland and Northern Ireland also issue notes that may be either used as currency themselves or exchanged for Bank of England issues. In all matters beside note issue, the Bank of England has sole central banking functions in Great Britain. The affairs of the bank are controlled by a governor, a deputy, and 16 directors.

Banking in Luxembourg

06 Апреля 2013, доклад

Banking in Luxembourg is a major sector of the economy of Luxembourg. Control and regulation of the banking sector is a responsibility of the Central Bank of Luxembourg and the Commission for Supervision of the financial sector. Most of the banks registered in Luxembourg are a part of the Association of Banks and Bankers of Luxembourg.

Banking System of Great Britain

29 Ноября 2013, доклад

emission of banknotes
Influence on the size of cash reserves of banks and money stock
the adviser of the government concerning monetary and credit policy
operations on management of official gold and exchange currency reserves
regulation of an exchange rate of pound sterling


17 Февраля 2013, реферат

Financial ( depository) institutions are usually classified by the number and kinds of services they offer . There are several types of banks – commercial ( full – service ) banks offer a full range of financial services . They handle checking accounts , make loans to individuals and to businesses , provide a variety of other services , which are handled in different departments , such as a savings department , a trust department , a real estate department , or an invesstment department . Such banks are usually called financial department stores .

Bariery rozwoju MSP w Polsce

20 Июня 2015, реферат

Doświadczenia krajów wysoko rozwiniętych pokazują, że mała i średnia przedsiębiorczość odgrywa olbrzymią rolę w gospodarce, wpływając na wzrost gospodarczy, lepsze wyposażenie rynku w zróżnicowany asortyment, a także pomagają w obniżeniu stopy bezrobocia. Małe i średnie przedsiębiorstwa są więc swoistym stymulatorem gospodarki. Ich liczba i potencjał może być jednym ze źródeł wzrostu gospodarczego.

Basic problems of dictionary compiling

27 Ноября 2011, реферат

The problem of making dictionaries is one of the methods to keep the words in the historical memory. There is a lot of different kinds and types of dictionaries and it plays an important role in improving and increasing lexicographic description language. There are some problems of dictionary compiling.

BBC Learn English: News about Britain ‒ Cycling

18 Декабря 2013, практическая работа

What's the furthest you have ever cycled? Perhaps you cycle to school or to work, or maybe at most a short cycling trip with friends? How would you feel about spending months on the road travelling solo from the UK to China, by bike?
For British cyclist Pete Jones, camping rough and cycling long distances through inhospitable terrain are second nature. Mr. Jones is currently undertaking a mammoth trip across the Eurasian continent from Britain to China.

Bedeutung des Wortes

17 Мая 2015, реферат

Wesensmerkmale des Wortes
Funktionen des Wortes
Das Wort als Grundeinheit der Sprache
Grundsätzliches zum Wort als sprachliches Zeichen

Belarus has excellent

17 Марта 2012, сочинение

Belarus has excellent opportunities for active recreation: from the calm walks on forests and national parks to release on kayaking and horseback riding. We have already had a long talking about the sights of Belarus, having spoken like we wanted to attract someone here.

Belarusian Railway

12 Апреля 2015, доклад

The advantageous geopolitical location of the Republic of Belarus predetermined role of its railway as pivotal transport crossroad on the way from Western and Central European countries to Russia and Asian countries (East-West direction), from Scandinavian countries to Ukraine, Moldova, the Balkans, Turkey and the Middle East countries (North-South direction). Two pan-European transport corridors lie via Belarus: Berlin - Brest - Minsk - Moscow - Nizhny Novgorod (Crete corridor II) and two branches of Crete corridor IX: the first one - Kaliningrad/Klaipeda - Vilnius - Minsk - Gomel - Kiev (Odessa) - Kishinev - Bucharest - Alexandropoulos (Greece), the second one - Helsinki - Saint-Petersburg - Vitebsk - Gomel - Kiev (Odessa) - Bucharest.

Belly dance in English speaking countries

17 Мая 2012, реферат

The delicate world of the East has always attracted the inhabitants of Europe. To solve the secret of the East the Europeans had to come into close, contact with their culture and traditions. To study their ardent soul they have plunged into the world of their dances, where belly dance is on the 1st place. As I fond of belly dance I have decided to learn something more about Belly dance in the Western world. I would like to get to know if such English speaking countries as the USA, Canada, Australia and UK can pretend to be the capital of the European belly dance and are there any specific features of this amazing dance in the countries what language, I am studying is spoken.

Bildung im internet

19 Декабря 2012, творческая работа

Das Internet entstand teiweise als Kommunikationsmedium fur Universitaten und Wissenschaftler. Aus diesem Grund wurde das Internet lange Zeit hauptsachlich von Wissenschaftlern, Professoren und Studenten Internet-Zugange zur Verfugung. Ein grosen Prozentsatz der Internet-Benutzer sind deshalb Studenten und andere, die mit Universitaten zu tun haben. Aber das Internet wird nicht nur zum Austausch von Arbeiten und Informationen genutzt, sondern auch fur Vorlesungen und Prufungen. So konnen Studenten an kursen teilnehmen, ohne einen Fus in einen Seminarraum zu setzen.

Biography of Margaret Thatcher

07 Апреля 2013, реферат

The Right Honourable Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, LG, OM, PC, FRS (born 13 October 1925) is a British stateswoman and was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990, the only woman as of 2005 to serve in that position. She is a member of the Conservative Party and the figurehead of a political philosophy that became known as Thatcherism, which involves reduced governmentspending, lower taxes and regulation, and a programme of privatisation ofgovernment-owned industries. Even before coming to power she was nicknamed the Iron Lady in Soviet propaganda (because of her vocal opposition to communism), an appellation that stuck.

Biography of Somerset Maugham

04 Ноября 2013, биография

William Somerset Maugham (25 January 1874 – 16 December 1965) was a British playwright, novelist and short story writer. He was among the most popular writers of his era and reputedly the highest paid author during the 1930s.
After losing both his parents by the age of 10, Maugham was raised by a paternal uncle who was emotionally cold. Not wanting to become a lawyer like other men in his family, Maugham eventually trained and qualified as a doctor. The first run of his first novel, Liza of Lambeth (1897), sold out so rapidly that Maugham gave up medicine to write full time.

Bird’s Nest

24 Февраля 2013, доклад

The National Stadium, affectionately known as Bird's Nest, is situated in Olympic Green Village, Chaoyang District, Beijing. It was designed as the main stadium of 2008 Beijing Olympic Games. The Olympic events of track and field, football, gavelock, weight throw and discus were held there. Since October, 2008, after the Olympics ended, the National Stadium has been opened as a tourist attraction. Now, it's the center of international or domestic sports competition and recreation activities.

Black humour

22 Апреля 2012, сочинение

I think Lamb to the Slaughter is a brilliant example of the genre of black humour. And R.Dahl is a great master of black humour of the most sophisticated kind which is fully revealed in his other macabre, sinister but at the same time entertaining and unforgettable stories.

Book review

31 Марта 2013, статья

Book is thoughtfully structured, well written, and contains a good deal of useful information. Paul stresses that strategic capability is needed at all levels in an organisation - not just top management; indeed, a recurrent theme in the book is that first line supervisors and middle managers have a critical part to play in the development and implementation of strategic planning. There are seven substantial chapters, extensively subdivided; and, as Corrall intends, these units can be read largely independently of one another.