Рефераты по иностранным языкам

Borrowing in the English Language

21 Декабря 2012, реферат

Where two different languages have contact over a certain period of time they will surely
influence each other. Words might be taken over from one language and are adopted to the
other. This process is called borrowing. Throughout its long history English had contact with
many different languages such as Old Norse, French, and Latin, but also with the colonial

Boss’ private office (What a modern day office should look like)

16 Декабря 2013, контрольная работа

In the designers’ community there is a clear dividing line between “Westerners” and “Russian traditionalists”. Minimal furnishings and high-tech office equipment are typical of the boss’ private offices in the West. The majority of Russian company directors firmly believe that their private office should convey a sense of awesomeness. The furnishings of the boss’ private office include a dark-wood table, with inlaid designs and other high-end furniture. The whole set-up of the boss’ private office gives you to understand that he is a man of considerable stature.

Brazil on the international arena

01 Июля 2013, реферат

The BRICS - Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa - have recently played an increasingly prominent role in the world stage. And it's not just the huge resources of these countries, but also in their growing share of world GDP.
BRICS group - almost 30 percent of the globe, 40 percent of its population and 20 percent of world GDP. Of its participation in the global economy, "five" exceeds the Eurozone countries. BRICS contribution to the growth of world exports – is 15 percent, and high investment attractiveness of the BRICS - the share of member countries account for half of all foreign investment.

Brief about Company

07 Декабря 2012, реферат

The Oracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is an object-relational database management system (ORDBMS) produced and marketed by Oracle Corporation.

Britain's favorite store

01 Июля 2013, доклад

Mark & Spencer is Britain's favorite store . Tourist love it too. It attracts a great a great variety of customers, from housewives to millionaires. Princess Diana , Dustin Hoffman , and the British Prime Minister are just a few of its famous customers.
Last year it made a profit of 529 million pound, which is more than 10 million pound aweek.
How did it all begin?
It all started 105 years ago, when a young Polish immigrant, Michael Marks, had a stall in Leeds market.
He didn't have many things to sell: some cotton. a little wool, lots of buttons, and a few shoelaces.


12 Июня 2015, лекция

The Cooper’s Hill Cheese-Rolling and Wake is an annual event held on the Spring Bank Holiday at Cooper’s Hill near Gloucester in the Cotswolds region of England It is traditionally by and for the people of Brockworth – the local village, but now people from all over the world take part. The event takes its name from the hill on which it occurs. The 2010 event has been cancelled due to safety concerns over the number of people visiting the event but it is hoped that it will be held on the late May Bank Holiday in 2011. Due to the steepness and uneven surface of the hill there are usually a number of injuries, ranging from sprained ankles to broken bones and concussion. Cooper’s Hill Cheese Rolling has been summarized as “twenty young men chase a cheese off a cliff and tumble 200 yards to the bottom, where they are scraped up by paramedics and packed off to hospital”.

British and American Families

28 Октября 2013, реферат

British and American families are small. In fact the populations of both Britain and the USA have stopped growing. The typical family has a father, mother and two children. Grandparents
come to visit, but do not usually live with their children.

British English

20 Октября 2013, реферат

British English (or BrEn, BrE, BE, en-UK or en-GB) is the broad term used to distinguish the forms of the English language used in the United Kingdom from forms used elsewhere. The Oxford English Dictionary applies the term to English "as spoken or written in the British Isles; especially the forms of English usual in Great Britain", reserving "Hiberno-English" for the "English language as spoken and written in Ireland". Nevertheless, Hiberno-English forms part of the broad British English continuum. Others, such as the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary, define it as the "English language as it spoken and written in England." There are slight regional variations in formal written English in the United Kingdom.

British English versus American English

28 Октября 2013, реферат

A long time ago, I flew with my husband and two babies from Texas to London, in Great Britain. We flew at night so that our two babies would sleep and we could rest. But as it turned out, the babies cried the entire 11 hours, so we walked the Atlantic Ocean, my husband marching up and down one aisle, carrying the 17-month-old, while I staggered up and down the other aisle with the 6-month-old sprout. Both infants had colds, so I had asked the pediatrician for medication that would help them breathe better. He had prescribed a cherry-flavored, liquid medicine that I hope none of my gentle readers will make the mistake of giving to their innocents.

British Petroleum

16 Ноября 2014, контрольная работа

BP has published a report on the explosion of the Deepwater Horizon oil rig in the Gulf of Mexico happened on 20th April which led to one of the world's worst oil pollution incidents. BP said: "The investigation found that no single factor caused the Macondo well tragedy. A sequence of failures involving a number of different parties led to the explosion and fire which killed 11 people. It caused widespread pollution in the Gulf of Mexico destroying the habitat of many species". The report was compiled by technical experts from within BP and from outside and took four months to complete.

British Royal Traditions

14 Марта 2013, курсовая работа

This work is devoted to royal ceremonies and events in Britain. Every nation and every country has its own traditions and customs. Traditions make a nation special. Some of them are old-fashioned and many people remember them, others are part of people’s life. We cannot really imagine Britain without all its traditions, this integral feature of social and private life of the people living on the British Isles that has always been an important part of their life and work.

British slang and its classification

13 Апреля 2013, реферат

The understanding of the native speakers' language is the international problem for our people. Our secondary schools teach the students only the bases of the English language. Our universities do not prepare them to the British streets, accommodations, pubs where people use their own language, the language that differs from that of their parents. They use other words- they use slang. None of the most advanced and flexible ways of teaching English of any country can catch modern quickly developing English.

British traditional holidays

13 Октября 2013, реферат

It may seem strange, but in Britain more holidays than in many other countries. Some of them are public holidays. In England and Wales currently only five holidays (New Year, Easter Monday, in spring and late summer, Boxing Day), they are also common to have two holidays (Good Friday and Christmas Day). In Scotland and Northern Ireland, they have six holidays, as well as two other public holiday. Dates of the holidays are set annually.

Buckingham Palace

22 Апреля 2013, реферат

Buckingham Palace built in 1703 by John Sheffield, Duke of Buckingham.
King George III bought the house in 1762 as a town dwelling for Queen Charlotte, and they occupied it as a private residence

Business correspondence

26 Марта 2013, лекция

Business correspondence is the communication or exchange of information in a written format for the process of business activities.Business correspondence can take place between organizations, within organizations or between the customers and the organization.The correspondence is generally of widely accepted formats that are followed universally.

Business Planning Basics

12 Сентября 2013, реферат

A business plan defines the structure of the company and the object of the business activity. It contains a market analysis and details of strategic marketing, management structure, personnel and finance. A business plan plays an essential role in business administration. When properly conceived, it acts as a valuable tool.
What is a business plan?
A business plan synthesizes all the essential aspects and information about a company, whether it is being developed or already in operation. The business plan is a substantial, detailed document containing the principal data about the structure of the company. This includes the object of activity, a market analysis, the specific approach to strategic marketingof the company, management structure and personnel and all relevant financial information.

Call of the Wild Plot Summary

11 Января 2015, доклад

Buck's father was the beloved St. Bernard that belonged to Judge Miller in the pastoral hills of the Santa Clara Valley in California, and his mother was a great German Shepherd. Judge Miller owns a huge mansion complex with other dogs, horses, stables, vineyards. Buck loves this calm existence, carrying the Judge's grandchildren on his back and serving as the Judge's faithful companion, as his father had been before him


19 Ноября 2011, реферат

John Cabot, an Italian sea captain in the pay of the British, discovered Can-ada in 1497, five years after Columbus discovered America. He planted a huge cross on the shore and sailed home, with the news that he had reached north east China , the land of the Great Khan , and that the sea was full of fish.

Can't get enough tv

29 Июня 2013, контрольная работа

Since the times of its appearance television has played a very important role in people’s lives. It’s considered to be one of the most powerful media sources. It is common knowledge that television has become the most popular entertainment in our home life. Now fewer and fewer people go out in the evening, preferring to stay at home and enjoy themselves sitting in comfortable armchairs in front of TV-screens and watching either “live” TV or films on video.

Capital punishment

09 Декабря 2012, сочинение

The acceptance of capital punishment, or the death penalty, as a sentence for heinous criminal acts has been hotly debated across the nation over the last few decades. Thirty-eight states currently have death penalty statutes on the books. In a few states, the statute remains on the books though it has been declared unconstitutional. In some of these cases, the state legislature can either revise or rewrite the death penalty statute if it chooses to make it the law. Impose the death penalty or not is a very serious issue, let's look at arguments for and against.

Career prospects for language students

07 Мая 2014, сочинение

A knowledge of one or more foreign languages can be useful in a wide range of careers. For some jobs, such as translating, interpreting and language teaching, language skills are one of the main requirements. For other jobs a combination of languages and other qualifications, knowledge or skills may be needed. For example, people with languages plus IT, law, finance or sales skills are much sought-after. Skills in foreign languages like French, German, Russian, Chinese and more recently Japanese, Spanish and Korean are in great demand.

Carnivalization - the phenomenon of the development of modernity

27 Сентября 2014, реферат

The present stage in the development of culture is usually regarded as a transitional, border and even crisis. A group of phenomena of modern life suggest that there is a "reshaping" traditional boundary in all spheres of human life: economics, politics, science, culture, art and others. In that reason, it should be recognized that all the processes of modernity are actualize.

Categories of English Verb: Tense

18 Декабря 2013, реферат

Grammatically the verb is the most complex part of speech. This is due to the central role it performs in the expression of the predicative functions of the sentence, i.e. the functions establishing the connection between the situation (situational event) named in the utterance and reality [4, 112]. A verb is often defined as a word which shows action or state of being. The verb is one of the principle parts of the sentence. Recognizing the verb is often the most important step in understanding the meaning of the sentence. From the morphological point of view the verb is characterised by a complex system of categories the main of which is the category of tense. It serves for expression of time-distinctions. With this category presents the most troublesome problems for a foreign student to master. So this category should be thoroughly investigated to escape problems with the use the right verb form in one or another situation.

Causes of the economic crisis

21 Декабря 2014, статья

The world economic system endures times of prosperity as well as followed by inevitable declines. The circulating scheme is characterized by the rise of manufacturing and it is following recession, thus permitting to keep to the world financial and economic balance order. No one in the world was ready to take the burdens of the economic crisis on the shoulders and to resist its unpredictable consequences. In spite of the fact, almost everybody understood how important it is to examine the reasons of it.

Ceai de Cimbri şor

05 Сентября 2013, реферат

Partea aeriana a plantei Thymus serpyllum L., fam. Lamiaceae, care contine ulei volatil, reprezentat în principal de terpene fenolice, timol, carvacrol, limonen, terpineol; principiu amar, flavone, acid cafeic, tanin, saruri minerale.
Actiune Farmacologica.
Expectorant şi calmant al tusei, antibacterian, antiviral, stomahic (stimuleaza secretia sucurilor gastro-intestinale), coleretic (stimuleaza secretia biliara), carminativ, antiseptic intestinal, antihelmintic,diuretic.

Characteristics of Microprocessors

08 Июня 2014, реферат

Microprocessors may be characterized in more than one way. The basic particulars used to set up or pick a microprocessor are as follows.
Type of microprocessor (general-purpose or special purpose, single-chip or bit-slice).
Technology: p-channel MOS, n-channel MOS, CMOS, silicon-on-sapphire, bipolar TTL, Schottky TTL, I2L, ECL. (Knowledge of the technology used gives an idea about the power requirements and speed of the microprocessor.)

Characteristics of the customs authorities of Ukraine

17 Мая 2015, курсовая работа

In modern conditions of economic development of Ukraine, the expansion of foreign economic relations is particularly important customs policy, which is based on customs legislation. The legislation defines the principles of the organization of Ukrainian customs to create favorable conditions for economic development, foreign economic relations, protect and ensure the constitutional rights and freedoms of citizens, the state, business entities of all forms of ownership and their compliance with the rules.

Chatham House report: Famine risks are badly managed

18 Мая 2013, реферат

Famine early warning systems have a good track record of predicting food shortages but are poor at triggering early action, a report has concluded.
The study said the opportunity for early action was being missed by governments and humanitarian agencies.
It said the "disconnect" was starkly apparent in Somalia where no action was taken despite 11 months of warnings.
Up to two million people are estimated to have died in drought-related emergencies since 1970.
The report by UK think-tank Chatham House, Managing Famine Risk: Linking Early Warning to Early Action, looked at the issue of drought-related emergencies on a global scale but focused on the Horn of Africa and the Sahel regions.

Chet elga chiquvchi fuqarolarni sug`urta qilish zaruriyati

08 Мая 2013, реферат

O`tkan yillar statistikasi va amaliyoti shuni ishontirib tasdiqlaydiki, yildan yilga fuqarolarimizning yaqin va uzoq chet el safarlariga chiqish ko`rsatkichlari jadal ravishda o`sib bormoqda. Biroq oddiy chet elga chiquvchi fuqaro (sayyoh) yo`lga otlanar ekan, avvalambor, o`zga mamlakatning go`zal tabiati, tog`larning viqori, sof havosi, chang’ida uchish, Misr ehromlarini ko`rish, ajabtovur o`simliklar dunyosi, hayvonot dunyosi bilan tanishish , Karib dengizining tiniq, toza suvlarida cho`milish, bir so`z bilan aytganda, faqat yaxshi va yoqimli narsalar to`g`risida o`ylaydi, oldiga dunyoni ko`rish, o`zga mamlakat madaniyati bilan tanishish, tinch, zavq bilan dam olishni, sog`ligini musthkamlashni maqsad qiladi.

Children and Television

25 Сентября 2013, реферат

I would like to say that television is one of the most amazing telecommunicating systems. They greatly influence on the thinking style, lifestyle, and physiological changes of a person and so on. And also television is a part of everyday life.
There is no doubt that television has both a negative and positive influence on children.
It`s turning out to be a disastrous influence.Television is opening up all of society`s secrets and taboos, thus erasing the dividing line between childhood and adulthood.