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Khan Kazakh hordes , a prominent statesman in the history of the Kazakh state. Until 1743 was the Sultan of the Middle Horde . After the death of Khan Abilmambet Abylai became Khan of the Great Horde . Abylaikhan ancestors are descendants of Genghis Khan's son Jochi - come from Az Janibek who created the foundations of Kazakh hordes ..
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- Khan Kazakh hordes , a prominent statesman in
the history of the Kazakh state. Until 1743 was the Sultan of the Middle
Horde . After the death of Khan Abilmambet Abylai became Khan of the Great Horde
. Abylaikhan ancestors are descendants of
Genghis Khan's son Jochi - come from Az Janibek who created the foundations
of Kazakh hordes ..
- Abylmansur father
was killed by the enemy. Abylai since childhood suffered many hardships , had raised
his slave Oraz . Already in his youth he discovered a special quality to the military
defense of the fatherland . Always in the thick of the bloody battles
, especially in the matches was brave . Masses of the people , he became
known after with the help of troops headed Abilmambetom , in a fight with Dzhungars won a great victory.
- . In this war, twenty Abylmansur in single combat slew his son Kalmyk kontaychi Kaldan Serena
- Sharysha . Abylai elected khan in 20 years , with honor Khanate ruled over half a century
. It was a reasonable politician , diplomat versed , talented commander.
His goal was to strengthen the state , and to protect it from external
enemies, he began to carry out the idea of combining the three zhuzes .
- In 1743, in Turkestan khans , sultans , warriors
of three zhuzs under a single banner , officially elected Abylair Kazakh Khan. Abylai put a lot of effort to strengthen the Kazakh government
and the preservation of independence. During his reign, the first time
the Kazakhs and Kalmyks have agreed to establish good neighborly relations
with Russia and China.
- These powerful states began to consider the opinion Abylaikhan . Abylai Khan ,
the former wise , far-sighted strategist , also knew the inner springs
of the politics of these countries. He knew that after a nine-year agreements
with Dzhungarian kontaychi Kaldani Soren war may resume. Internal strife in the country Dzhungarian hastened the start of the war.
When in 1752 dzhungar leader of Dorje Lama , is attacked by the Kazakh lands , the Kazakh army , led Abylai Khan gave
a crushing rebuff. After another attack Abylai sent 500 of his best warriors . Lama Dorje not expecting
such a turn of events , he was captured and hanged . It happened on
October 12, 1753 .
- The plans Abylair included: djungars win and establish equitable relations with Russia
and China. To this end, he, along with such as Batyrai Kabanbai , Bogenbai , Janibek , Otegen years of participation in the 1753-1754 raids on uluses Kalmyks , who
in the spring of 1755 led to the victory . As a result, the war between Oirats and Kazakhs
, which lasted 200 years , ended in complete victory for the Kazakh
victory of the Kazakhs was disadvantageous to neighboring China and
Russia . In 1756, the war of the Kazakh Khanate with the Chinese government
, which lasted until 1757 . These collisions due Abylai Khan soon ended in a draw .
- In the years 1765-1770 Abylai Khan opposed the Kyrgyz, have been expanded as a
result of the Kazakh state border . In 1771, he defeated the Volga Kalmyks . When Abylai Khan border
of the state further expanded , the people cheered .
- Historic victory Abylaikhan led to the fact that the Kazakh government for it
was strong and durable.
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